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Chemistry Terpenes!


President, M³ Technical & Regulatory Services, LLC
Here's a short list of useful information about a handful of the terpenes.


Additional information on the ~ 120 terpenes found among the ~ 500 cannabinoids found in Cannabis can be found here: https://books.google.com/books?hl=e...ts=AClLtbtGiO&sig=x5nX3dDoqEUub6drQcR8jeqlNPE

Not only do they have different scents that they contribute to the overall aroma of different strains, but each strain thus develops a "fingerprint" from its terpene profile. Different terpenes actually do have medicinal properties as well (such as caryophyllene being anti-inflammatory), which supports the idea that different strains are used for different purposes.

Casano, S., Grassi, G., Martini, V., & Michelozzi, M. (2011). Variations in terpene profiles of different strains of Cannabis sativa L. Acta Horticulturae, 925(February 2016), 115–122.http://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2011.925.15

One remarkable brand new study looked at the different terpene "fingerprints" for the three major chemotypes of drug-type Cannabis. Chemotypes I, II and III are based on the general types plants found: high THC/low CBD, vice versa and equal amounts of THC and CBD. It tracked the development of both mono- and sesquiterpenes in both flowers and leaves across the growth cycle for all 3 chemotypes.

Aizpurua-Olaizola, O., Soydaner, U., Öztürk, E., Schibano, D., Simsir, Y., Navarro, P., … Usobiaga, A. (2016). Evolution of the Cannabinoid and Terpene Content during the Growth of Cannabis sativa Plants from Different Chemotypes. Journal of Natural Products, acs.jnatprod.5b00949.http://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jnatprod.5b00949

We know a lot about many of the terpenes since many of them have long been in use by industry as flavor and odor compounds. Lemon Pledge, anyone?